Sunday, November 28

Is the Ice Age Biblical?

In today's world, we hear a lot about the "Ice Age." No, not the cgi-series from Blue Sky Studios. When Creationists are asked about an Ice Age, when it took place, and if it is biblical, many answer that there never was an Ice Age, bringing an onslaught of attacks from the secular scientific community. However, there is evidence to prove otherwise: there was an Ice Age. But how many Ice Ages? Where and when did it occur? (Credit to Mike Oard of AiG for his information and calculations, Picture Credit to: Cosmos Magazine, Top News)

We see from all around us, from the three Ice Age films (and the fourth, to be released in 2012), to TV shows, to textbooks used in schools, all over the idea of many Ice Ages over millions of years is evident and prevalent. As Christians, we ought to examine the evidence for ourselves, and by using deductive reasoning and drawing logical conclusions, connect the dots, and understand where and when the Ice Age took place.

On a biblical basis, yes, there was an Ice Age. We find evidence of glacial movements and an Ice Age all over - but not worldwide. There was only one Ice Age, which lasted for approximately 700 years directly after the Global Flood, and the Ice Age was centralized in then North. The Ice Age covered about 30% of the land. There is a scriptural basis for this age, as we will take a look at, but for now, bear with me. What we discover lines up with what we read in Genesis 7-8.

We see that moraines (debris that were carried and dropped by a glacier, including stones and boulders), glaciers, fossil record, flood rocks, and ice cores all support and provide evidence for an Ice Age.How do we know that secularists are incorrect in their assumptions? They have a great difficulty in explaining any recent ice ages based on rates in which they observe today.

There have been many hypotheses proposed, but all have flaws. For example, one problem is that the summer temperatures located in the northern U.S. would have had to cool to more than 50°F (28°C) - and it would have been accompanied by a large increase in snowfall. But what would trigger - or sustain - such a dramatic climate change that would persist for thousands of years? Though the secular community has many theories, they to this day admit that they do not know what caused the Ice Age.

Creationist Mike Oard, is quoted as saying, "Ancient ice ages have been somewhat controversial over the years, but recently some uniformitarian scientists have come out with the shocking belief that some Proterozoic ice ages were global. This belief is based on paleomagnetic data that supposedly shows certain rocks, believed to be from ancient ice ages, were marine and equatorial. Because of the reflection of sunlight from a white surface, it is likely that a glaciated earth would never melt. However, advocates of “snowball earth” state not only that such a glaciation completely melted but also that temperatures following glaciation ended up much warmer than today. Such a “freeze-fry” hypothesis indicates that the concept of ancient ice ages is unsound."

Now, what would be the requirements for an Ice Age? You need to have cooler summers, greater snowfall - and it needs to persist for many years. The Northern Regions of the globe show much evidence of an Ice Age - and the climate conditions perfectly fit within these parameters. Now, we understand that, by looking at the main evaporation areas in the West-East flow, we see dryer and cooler air going out from the North American continent over the Ocean - which produces strong evaporation.

We find that towards the end of the Ice Age, many animals suddenly just... disappeared. Around 70% (100 species) in North America died off and became extinct - including horses and camels. (Not all horses and camels died off, only those in North America) Asia and Europe lost around 75% of their species. Why did this happen? Many dust storms near the end of the Ice Age are said to be a prime factor in this. Thankfully, since this primarily occurred in the North (with some evidence in Australia), species re-populated - camels and horses from the Middle East, for example, later re-populated in North America.

Ice in Greenland and Antarctica is in some places 100's of miles deep and many miles wide. However, not enough snow falls to continue to build up these ice sheets, so all but the edges are cold deserts. Now, how does the Flood explain the Ice Age? When we look at flood rocks, we see thick layers of lava and volcanic ash. It is the volcanoes during the flood that led to the Ice Age, Creationists suggest.

How is this possible? There was a lot of warm water from the crustal movements would have released hot water from the earth that was added to the oceans as the global flood occurred. We also see that there were a lot of lava flows that heated the water. Fossil evidence suggests that over the course of the flood, the oceans were warmed up. Today, the average temperature of the ocean is about 39 degrees Fahrenheit. At the time, it may have been around 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Then, the oceans started to cool down - mainly because of evaporation. As the oceans cooled, heavy snow began to fall. Simulations show us that ice sheets go very far inland over cool continents. When the instability of the flood occurred across the earth, when the waters receded, there was a lot of volcanic activity - and as ash and dirt was thrown into the air, it began to block the warmth of sunshine. Once the oceans cooled enough, the evaporation slowed, the snow stopped, and the ice began to melt.

Calculations show us that the buildup of ice did not require thousands of years as we are taught in textbooks. From a biblical perspective, the warm world - later cooled because of the blocking of sunlight, the Ice Age only took a few centuries. The oceans cooled because aerosols and ash can stay in the atmosphere for years - thus the reason it took a few centuries to cool.

These simulations of precipitation in the northern and southern polar regions, using conventional climate models along with warm sea surface temperatures - have demonstrated to us that ice sheets that are thousands of feet thick, which we see today, could have accumulated in less than 500 years - which perfectly agrees with God's Word.

People will scoff at this biblical concept, however, no matter how much evidence they are shown, as with all biblical things. 2nd Peter 3:3-4, "Above all, you must understand that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and following their evil desires. They will say, 'Where is this coming he promised? Ever since our ancestors died, everything goes on as it has since the beginning of creation.' But they deliberately forget that long ago by God's word the heavens came into being and the earth was formed out of water and by water. By these waters also the world of that time was deluged and destroyed."

The general concept is as follows: The oceans became warm, because the "fountains of the deep" broke open (Genesis 7:11) at the start of the flood, and volcanoes erupted all over the world, mixing the water with hot lava and warming the oceans. The land became cold because the ash and dirt were thrown into the atmosphere, blocking the sun. The land had no forests to absorb the sun's rays because the vegetation across the world was still in the early stages - the flood had wiped out all life.

After this, snow clouds formed because the warm water evaporated and became warm vapor - and when it mixed with the cold air, storm clouds formed - which dumped thousands of feet of snow. To this day, it has never gotten warm enough to melt all of the snow, the heavy piles of snow turned into ice sheets at the North and South poles, as we can observe today. What we read in God's Word agrees with what we see in God's world.
Ice Sheet from Greenland

Since we see that the flood gives an explanation for the Ice Age, we would expect such an event to be mentioned in the Bible. It may be. Job 38:28-30, which was written by Moses near the end of the flood, may include a reference to the Ice Age. "From whose womb comes the ice? And the frost of heaven, who gives it birth? The waters harden like stone, and the surface of the deep is frozen.” It is possible that Job merely observed frost as well as lake ice during a winter in Palestine, most certainly because temperatures were colder due to the Ice Age.

But why is the Ice Age not directly referred to? It is most likely because the observed Scandinavian ice sheet along with the mountain ice caps were both farther north than the region in which God's Word was written. The only thing that would have been evident to those living in the area would be an increase in the snow cover of Mt. Hermon, or possibly more frequent snowfalls on the higher altitudes in the Middle East.

There are more examples of such references, but we will not get into these. If you would like more information on the evidence for the biblical Ice Age, see here. Again, scientific and historical evidence confirms the accuracy of the Bible. The Ice Age occurred because of the Flood, and only lasted for about 700 years - and, there was only one. This does not disagree with any evidence that we find. Common belief in the secular community is that there were many Ice Ages, over millions of years. But we find that the evidence is contrary to the belief, and that it confirms the biblical account.

I trust this entry has proven insightful and informative. For those who are more theological-minded than scientific, understand that there are many such questions as these that do have a biblical basis but need to be explained using good, observational Creation Science, and that others need to be able to answer the call of 1st Peter 3:15, "Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect."

This may not have been the most theological-filled entry, yet the topic is still important, and is still relevant. Students all over are taught the concepts of Evolution, ideas about the Big-Bang, and ideas about Ice Ages that occurred over millions of years.

As Christians, we need to be ready and willing not only to give an answer for the hope we have, and answer the questions of others, but we need to teach our children, others around us, the truth. Thank you for taking the time to read this entry of, "The Truth." As always, you can email, visit the facebook page, or comment below. May God bless you richly. Troy Hillman

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