Throughout history, men and women have been seekers of the truth. Whether in search of an object or artifact, in search of a loved one, of truth behind certain events, or most of all, the truth about the universe. How old is it? Was it created, or did it evolve from a hypothetical "big bang?" It has been the task of this blog to provide such answers, as well as equip God's people with truth. (Photo credit to: Answers in Genesis, Natural History Museum,
This entry continues the series, "Evidence for a Young Creation."While skeptics will claim that there is no evidence for a Young Creation, that assumption is incorrect and un-scientific. As previously mentioned, both the evolutionists and the creationist have the same evidence. Where does division come? In the interpretation of ALL evidence. We find that the evidence fits better with the biblical model then with the evolutionist model.
Claims about the literal interpretation of things in Genesis are made all the time. "Did God really say..." God really said that he created in six days, yes. (Genesis 1-2, Exodus 20:11) Satan in the garden was the first to say, "Did God really say..." (Genesis 3:2) and since then, people all throughout time ask similar questions. If God did not mean what he said, he would not have said it.
Here's an example, before moving on to some of the evidence. Skeptics of the Global Flood (Genesis 6-9) claim that it could not have been Global, and must have been Local, because they have found evidence of the Black Sea flooding. While that's great, it does not fit not only with the evidence - but with Scripture itself. You cannot have something that contradicts Scripture yet "seems" to fit.
Why? For several reasons. For one, you would be denying 2nd Peter 2:5, "if he did not spare the ancient world when he brought the flood on its ungodly people, but protected Noah, a preacher of righteousness, and seven others;" while the verse does not outright say "global" or "worldwide flood," it does mention a flood brought on the ancient world and spared only seven people. Jesus himself refers to the evil in the days of Noah, and confirms the truth of the flood and ark. (Matthew 24:38-39)
Also, logically, if it was only a local flood, why would God say, "I am going to bring floodwaters on the earth to destroy all life under the heavens, every creature that has the breath of life in it. Everything on earth will perish. But I will establish my covenant with you, and you will enter the ark..." (Genesis 6:17-18a) He also said, "Seven days from now I will send rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and I will wipe from the face of the earth every living creature I have made." (Genesis 7:4)
|(Answers In Genesis, Noah's Ark)|
By examining the Flood, we find it to be Global. Take a look at this passage, "For forty days the flood kept coming on the earth, and as the waters increased they lifted the ark high above the earth. The waters rose and increased greatly on the earth, and the ark floated on the surface of the water. They rose greatly on the earth, and all the high mountains under the entire heavens were covered . The waters rose and covered the mountains to a depth of more than fifteen cubits [22 ft.]. Every living thing that moved on the earth perished - birds, livestock, wild animals, all the creatures that swarm over the earth, and the entire human race." (Genesis 7:17-21, NIV)
Now, if we look at that passage alone in context, we can determine a number of things: The flood rose above all the high mountains - about 22 ft. more. The flood killed every living creature - including the entire human race, not just a small town or city. If the flood was local, there would have been no reason for every animal to come onto the ark, as they could have migrated from the area. This is merely one example of how claims can be made - but Scripture does not support these claims.
It does, however, support a Young Universe, created in six days. (Genesis 1-2, Exodus 20:11, Mark 10:6) Though atheists and evolutionists will try to refute every evidence we examine, the same can be said of their refutations. Again, it is all based upon interpretation, worldviews, and presuppositions. All of the evidence as a whole, however, agrees with a young creation.
Perhaps it would be better wording to say that what we examine is evidence - that supports a Young Creation. Here are a few instances to support a younger creation. Take the age of the coral reef, for example. The oldest (known) formation is 4,200 years old. This is about the time of the flood. If the earth were billions of years old, why do we not find older coral? Another example is the age of the Sahara Desert: it has been calculated to be approximately 4,000 years old.
This is also around the time of the flood. At another time we will examine evidence for a global flood and for Noah's Ark, but generally, if there was not a worldwide flood, it is difficult trying "explain away" the fossils we find all across the world - even on Mt. Everest, though evolutionists try to refute this at every turn. The recorded history of man only goes back about 5,000 years. It is the same for the oldest writing. If history was more than 6,014 years, we ought to have more recorded history - yet we find none, beyond assumptions and conclusions drawn from interpretation based on evolutionary principles.
Evolution tells us that the Stone Age man existed for about 100,000 years before they began to make written records about 4000-5000 years ago. Now, these men made beautiful cave paintings, kept records of lunar phases, and built megalithic monuments - why then would they wait for 95,000 years to start writing, if the skill was already acquired? Also, agriculture is too recent. The evolutionary model shows these ancient men utilizing hunter/gatherer techniques for 100,000 years... before discovering agriculture less than 10,000 years ago.
Now, evolutionary anthropologists tell us that the Stone Age lasted, as mentioned, for 100,000 years. The claim is made that the population of the Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon men was fairly constant, 1-10 million - and typically, buried their dead with artifacts. There would be at least 4 billion bodies left. If this timescale is correct, then bones ought to last much longer than 100,000 years, so many of these supposed 4 billion skeletons ought to still be around. Yet, only a few thousand have been found - and more often than not, these skeletons are not complete - only a jawbone or teeth, though sometimes more. By understanding these, we find that the Stone Age, which Adam and Cain lived through, was only a few hundred years - Adam, Cain, and Seth had be to hunter-gatherers, just as the Genesis account describes.
Another thing: the age of trees. The oldest trees are Bristlecone pines, which are about 4300-4600 years old. Again, this around the time of Noah's flood. Though it is estimated that the flood occurred between 2500-2300 BC, (has been calculated to 2302 in some instances), these simple facts suggest a younger creation as opposed to and older creation. The amount of salt in the Earth's oceans seem to support a Young Creation, as well.
Our oceans are getting saltier each year. If the world were billions of years old, there should be more salt. The oceans are about 3.6% salt and are getting saltier - from water containing mineral salts that, due to erosion, flow off of continents and dump into Earth's oceans. We only find enough salt for a few thousand years. Each year, rivers and other such sources dump more than 450 million tons of sodium into our oceans. If this is the case, couldn't salt be removed from the oceans, and would that not account for millions of years?
Only 27% of the sodium somehow gets out of the ocean every year. That is a remaining 73%. As far as we know so far, the sodium simply accumulates. Even with a generous amount, it could have accumulated in less than 42 million years - which is still much less than 4.5-3 billion years. Skeptics will come back saying that past sodium inputs must have been less and the outputs greater. However, this claim is fallacious. The amount of salt in the oceans is only a few thousand years - which lines up perfectly with a Young Creation. (For more information, see this research from the Institute for Creation Research.)
When calculated, we find that it takes 300-1000 years for one inch of topsoil to build up. The issue? The average depth of topsoil is about 8 inches. This indicates only a few thousand years. Another point - we find that dividing the amount of numerous minerals by their influx rate clearly shows a mere few thousand years of accumulation. But what about the sediments on the ocean floor?
Every passing year, the water as well as winds erode approx. 25 billion tons of dirt and rock from continents and deposit it all into the ocean. They accumulate as loose sediments (mud) on the rock of the ocean floor. The average depth of the Earth's oceans is about 400 meters. We know that the main way to remove mud from the floor of the ocean is through plate tectonic subduction. (The floor slides slowly beneath the oceans, taking some of the sediment with it.)
Now, according to secular textbooks, this only removes one billion tons of sediments per year. (Hay, W.) The remaining 24 billion tons continues to accumulate. If this is true, the longest it could allow for is 12 million years. However, according to evolutionary ideas, erosion and plate tectonic subduction have been going on for 3 billion years. If this was true, with the given rates, the mud would have choked the oceans and the mud would be dozens of km deep. But by examining it in a Young Creation light, we find that erosion from the Genesis Flood running off continents deposited the amount of mud we have within less than 5000 years. This agrees with a young creation model.
Another point is as follows, from D. Russell Humphreys, Ph.D., "Many strata are too tightly bent. In many mountainous areas, strata thousands of feet thick are bent and folded into hairpin shapes. The conventional geologic time scale says these formations were buried and solidified for hundreds of millions of years before they were bent. Yet the folding occurred without cracking, with radii so small that the entire formation had to be still wet and unsolidified when the bending occurred. This implies that the folding occurred in less than thousands of years after deposition."
But what about the earth's magnetic field, or geologic "ages," or fossil radioactivity, or the helium issue? What about the magnetic fields of the outer planets, or the erosion rate of Niagara falls, or the heat of Jupiter and Saturn? Or perhaps the rings of planets, the appearance of Mars and Venus - or the population of the Earth? What about dinosaurs? These will be examined and covered in the next two entries.
I understand that some of the evidence listed above is questionable. Some of it is merely listed to allow our brains to wonder. Others have been tested time and time again, and no evolutionary conclusion has been presented. Of course, there are objections from Evolutionists and Atheists, and this will occur no matter how much evidence you give. If they simply do not agree with the worldview, if it does not fit their worldview, many assumptions will be made to make the evidence fit their worldview.
I thank you for taking the time to read this entry of "The Truth." Feel free to email firstname.lastname@example.org, visit the facebook page, or comment below - I understand this is a sensitive topic, so please remain civil in your comments. Take care, dear reader, and God bless. Troy Hillman
Larry Vardiman, Ph.D. "The Sands of Time: A Biblical Model of Deep-Sea Floor Sedimentation." Institute for Creation Research, n.d. Web. 10 Dec 2010.
Hodge, Bodie. "Global Flood." Answers In Genesis. Answers In Genesis, n.d. Web. 12 Dec 2010.
D. Russell Humphreys, Ph.D. "Evidence for a Young World." Answers In Genesis. Answers In Genesis, n.d. Web. 26 Nov 2010.
CSE. "Evidence for a Young Universe." Creation Science Evangelism. CSE, n.d. Web. 6 Dec 2010.
CSE. "Evidence for a Young Earth." Creation Science Evangelism. CSE, n.d. Web. 6 Dec 2010.
CSE. "Evidence for a Young Earth." Creation Science Evangelism. CSE, n.d. Web. 6 Dec 2010.
Ham, Ken, and Dr. Jason Lisle. The New Answers Book 2. 5th ed. 2. Master Books, 2008. 98-100. Print.
"A Young Creation." Get a Life Ministries. Web. 02 Dec 2010.