Tuesday, November 16

Who Created God?

The simple answer? No one created God. The question itself is a bit of a faulty question. Does God need a creator, if he himself is the creator? What if God does have a creator? In this entry, we will attempt to answer such questions. Many critics and skeptics of the Bible ask this question, but so do Christians who are merely curious, and as it is a question that seems to be thrown around a lot, perhaps we ought to take a look at it. By definition, God is the uncreated creator of the universe, so by asking the question "Who Created God?," we are asking a illogical and irrational question. It can be equated to asking the question, "to whom is the bachelor married to?" Nobody created God, he is the great "I AM." (Exodus 3:14; John 8:58) He exists outside of linear time, because he himself created time. Time began the moment he created. God dwells outside of time (2nd Timothy 1:9, Titus 1:2) and is not subject to time. (Photo Credit to: Gorgok)

The real question we ought to ask is, If the Universe needs to have a cause, then why does God not need a cause? Since the universe had a beginning, it requires a cause. The Law of Cause an Effect, a proven law, demands this. Everything which has a beginning has a cause. The universe had a beginning, and therefore, the universe has a cause. Genesis 1:1-2 says, "In the beginning, God created the heavens and the universe. Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters." God - and his Spirit - the Holy Spirit, were present at Creation. So too was Jesus, the Son. Genesis 1:26, "Let us make human beings in our image, in our likeness..." Notice the use of the phrase, "us; our."

God the Father, God the Son, and God the Spirit were all present at Creation. How did God create? Psalm 33:6, "By the word of the Lord the heavens were made, their starry host by the breath of his mouth." By the word of the Lord? Psalm 33:9 confirms, "For he spoke, and it came to be; he commanded, and it stood firm." All God had to do was speak the universe into existence, and it was so. It was "by his understanding he made the heavens," not ours (Psalm 136:5). Unlike the universe, and even humans, God had no beginning, so therefore, does not need a cause. As aforementioned, God himself created time, and is not bound by time. He is not limited to his creation, as he declares in Isaiah 57:15, he inhabits eternity. There is abundant evidence that the universe has a beginning, and the 1st and 2nd Laws of Thermodynamics perfectly illustrate this.

The 1st Law of Thermodynamics states that the total amount of mass-energy in the universe is constant. All matter created by God remains constant, regardless of what form it is. An example of this would be wood for a fire. Once it is burned, it becomes ash, and cannot be reversed by natural means into the log that it once was, yet the energy is still there, merely in another form of matter. If you freeze H2O, then the mass-energy remains constant. The same applies for heating - if you heated H2O enough to the point where it became a gas, the energy is still there. If a human dies, their body may decay, yet the energy and mass exists somewhere. That is the 1st Law of Thermodynamics. The 2nd Law of Thermodynamics states that the amount of energy available for work is running out, or, entropy is increasing to a maximum. This law and the derivatives of this law, the law of friction for example, are what define the arrow of time. Most of the other physical laws are time-reversible invariant. Since the energy is constantly changing from available energy to unavailable energy, someone - God - had to give the universe available energy in the first place. God is not bound by this law, for he created it, we merely discovered it. Now, if the total amount of mass-energy is decreasing, and is limited, this means that the universe has not always existed, and is finite, as the amount of usable energy is running down.

We come to  a point where, perhaps the skeptic or even the Christian accepts that the universe itself had a beginning, but that it still does not need a cause to have a beginning. If the Law of Cause and Effect were denied, that would mean that all science and history would collapse, as would other things such as law enforcement - the authorities would not believe that they needed to find a cause for murder or another crime - yet they do. The universe itself cannot have self-cause, for that would mean that the universe created itself before it even existed, which is a self-refuting argument. God does not need a cause to create the Universe, but he had a cause. There is nothing whatsoever that is illogical or irrational about an eternal being who has always existed, it is merely that it is difficult for us to comprehend.

Some will reply, "but that would require faith!" Hebrews 11:6 says, "And without faith it is impossible to please God, because anyone who comes to him must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who earnestly seek him." Of course you must walk by faith! We cannot see, hear, touch or smell God, yet at the same time, we cannot see, hear, touch, or smell love - yet we embrace it anyways, because we know it is real. In the same way, we know that God is real. The Holy Spirit opens the yes of the blind so that we do not believe by what is referred to as "blind faith." The universe requires a cause, just as taught in Genesis 1:1, along with Romans 1:20. Romans 1:20 says, "For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities - his eternal power and divine nature - have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse."

Some scientists deny cause and effect. Writer Paul Davies said, "spacetime could appear out of nothingness as a result of a quantum transition. Particles can appear out of nowhere without specific causation. Yet the world of quantum mechanics routinely produces something out of nothing." Before I address that, perhaps it is best to point something out. Here is an example. When Stephen Hawking, theoretical physicist and cosmologist, makes a general statement to the public, such as one he made not too long ago, everyone regards it as fact. Why? It is because he is a scientist. But we need to bear in mind that we are all fallible humans, and merely because you are a scientist does not mean you are making a scientific statement.

I could be a scientist and say, "The world is flat." Now, that may not be the best example, because there is plenty of evidence to prove otherwise. But merely because someone is a supposed learned scientist does not mean that every statement that they make is fact - it is more often than not, opinion. That said, the statement from Davies is a misapplication of the principles of quantum mechanics. Something is never produced out of nothing. Moving on. We are told in the Scriptural corpus that time is a dimension created by God, one which we as humans are subject to. One day, it will no longer exist, and we will enter into eternity, where God himself dwells - those who have accepted Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior and have asked forgiveness of their sins. To quote the brilliant writer C.S. Lewis, "God is not hurried along in the time-stream of this universe any more than an author is hurried along in the imaginary time of his own novel. He has infinite attention to spare for each one of us. He does not have to deal with us in the mass. You are as much alone with Him as if you are the only being He had created. When Christ died, he died for you individually just as much as if you had been the only man in the world."

It is understandable that some may be angered that the question was not answered to their liking. But the truth of the matter is, no one created God, and the intention of this entry was to illustrate why no one created God, why he does not require a beginning, and why the universe, which God himself created, has a cause.

Troy Hillman

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